Thursday, June 4, 2009

Activating Unicode/UTF-8 Support and Changing Default Locale Language in Slackware

For a list of locales which are supported by your Slackware box, type:

$ locale -a

If you have full installation of Slackware, all languages will be listed.

To get UTF-8 support, edit file as root by:

# nano /etc/profile.d/

Comment default locale and add uncommented line

export LANG=en_US.UTF-8

to file as in below.

# Set the system locale. (no, we don't have a menu for this ;-)
# For a list of locales which are supported by this machine, type:
# locale -a

# en_US is the Slackware default locale:
# export LANG=en_US

export LANG=en_US.UTF-8

# 'C' is the old Slackware (and UNIX) default, which is 127-bit
# ASCII with a charmap setting of ANSI_X3.4-1968. These days,
# it's better to use en_US or another modern $LANG setting to
# support extended character sets.
#export LANG=C

# There is also support for UTF-8 locales, but be aware that
# some programs are not yet able to handle UTF-8 and will fail to
# run properly. In those cases, you can set LANG=C before
# starting them. Still, I'd avoid UTF unless you actually need it.
#export LANG=en_US.UTF-8

# Another option for en_US:
#export LANG=en_US.ISO8859-1

# One side effect of the newer locales is that the sort order
# is no longer according to ASCII values, so the sort order will
# change in many places. Since this isn't usually expected and
# can break scripts, we'll stick with traditional ASCII sorting.
# If you'd prefer the sort algorithm that goes with your $LANG
# setting, comment this out.

# End of /etc/profile.d/

After modifying file, save it and reboot your computer.

To change your computer's locale language, replace "en_US" with your locale code "tr_TR, en_GB, en_CA, etc..." in file and save, then reboot your computer.

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